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EACEA National Policies Platform: Youthwiki
Spain

Spain

4. Social Inclusion

4.7 Youth work to foster social inclusion

On this page
  1. Policy/legal framework
  2. Main inclusive Youth-Work programmes and target groups
  3. Youth work providers in the field of social inclusion for young people
  4. Training and support for youth workers engaged in social inclusion programmes
  5. Financial support
  6. Quality assurance

Policy/legal framework

The Spanish State has designed a package of measures for the promotion of social inclusion through youth work, defined in the Spanish National Youth Guarantee Implementation Plan (Plan de implementación del Sistema Nacional de Garantía Juvenil de España) and the Operational Programme for Youth Employment (Programa Operativo de Empleo Juvenil). Both appeared in 2013 and were designed for the 2014-2020 period.

They are aimed at young people between the ages of 16 and 25 year old (or under 30 in the case of persons with a degree of disability equal or superior to 33%) and their objective is the promotion of employment for the promotion of social inclusion, against poverty and any form of discrimination. The action plans are intended for young unemployed people who are not integrated into education or training systems.

 

Main inclusive Youth-Work programmes and target groups

Youth Guarantee from the Ministry of Labour, Migrations and Social Security

Garantía Juvenil (Youth Guarantee) is an initiative framed within the 2020 National Youth Strategy oriented towards reducing high levels of unemployment and to facilitate the labour insertion of young people. Those over 16 and under 30 years old who are legally unemployed and have completed their studies may participate. Once enrolled, they can access job offers, continuing education system, training courses and business practices.

This program grants special attention to ensuring access to vocational education and trainning programs to youth with disabilities and/or at risk of social exclusion through both ordinary jobs and protected jobs.

Some examples of this programs are the actions carried out by the ONCE Foundation specifically aimed at young people with disabilities like the program Inserta and the job platform Portalento.

Recently, Royal Decree-Law 2/2021 of 26 January on the reinforcement and consolidation of social measures in defence of employment has been published, according to which, in terms of the Youth Guarantee, two new features stand out:

Registration is facilitated for unaccompanied foreign minors (commonly known as MENAs) who can prove that they are unaccompanied. The Temporary Employment Regulation Files (ERTE) that affect young people who are registered in the Youth Guarantee will be considered measures that contribute to maintaining the employment of these people, for the purposes of the European Social Fund.

Chavós Nebó Youth Network

The Chavos Nebo Youth Network (Red Juvenil Chavós Nebó) is a network of youth information services run by the Roma Secretariat Foundation (Fundación Secretariado Gitano) in collaboration with the Youth Institute (INJUVE). This network provides services to Roma youth in Spanish territory through state coordination of activities carried out at the local or regional level. The objectives of the network are the promotion of interculturalism and networking with other entities, explicitly oriented to cultural specificity and the promotion of Roma youth.

At the head of the services are young Roma who act as a reference for other young people of the same ethnic group. They are located in socially disadvantaged neighbourhoods that have a high Roma population. Among their programmes are those of employment, social inclusion and education.

Youth and inclusion

Youth and Inclusion (Jóvenes e inclusión) is a network of organisations working to improve social inclusion, emancipation and autonomy of young people at risk or social difficulties. Its objective is to develop and disseminate tools and good practices to increase the effectiveness of the various intervention programmes.

In 2016, they started up two programmes: 1) the socio-labour insertion program Starting Life Projects (Emprendiendo Proyectos de Vida), whose objective is the improvement of access to the labour market and wherein the young people involved are an active part of the labour and social training process; 2) the educational intervention programme Learning to Be (Aprendiendo a Ser) oriented towards the improvement of educational processes.

 

Youth work providers in the field of social inclusion for young people

As a summary, below are some examples of organizations and NGOs working in the field of youth social inclusion: 

Target population

Organisation name

Vulnerable people in general

Youth Red Cross (Cruz Roja Juventud)

Consortium of entities for social inclusion (CEFIS)

Training and Social Intervention Institute (Instituto de Formación e Intervención Social)

Immigrant support network (Red de apoyo social al inmgrante, Rasinet)

Intercultural Cazalla Associaton (Asociación Cazalla Intercultural)

Association The Key (Asociación La Llave

The Candil Collective (Colectivo El Candil)

The Phone of Hope (Teléfono de la Esperanza)

Spanish Afro-Aid Associatio (Asociación Afro_Aid España)

European Federation of National Organisations Working with the Homeless (FEANTSA España)

NGO Solidarity (Ong Solidarios)

Association Adapted Space (Areadaptada)

European Anti Poverty Network (EAPN)

Social Services and Social Work Institute. (Instituto de Trabajo Social y de Servicios Sociales)

NGO America Spain Solidarity and Cooperation (ONG AESCO)

Social Defense Association Be-Human (Asociación Defensa Social Be-Human)

 

Women and Sexual Diversity

Movement Against Intolerance (Movimiento contra la intolerancia)

State Federation of Lesbians, Gays, Trans and Bisexuals (FELGTB)

Spanish LGBT youth confederation (COLEGAS)

Triangle YouthFoundation (Fundación Triángulo Juventud)

Migrants

 

Immigrant Youth Association (AJI- ATIME)

People with disabilities

National Confederation of the Deaf Persons (CJS- CNSE)

Spanish Confederation of People with Physical and Organic Disabilities (COCEMFE)

Progressive Youth Unit of ONCE (Juventudes de Unidad Progresista de la ONCE)

Confederation of Don Bosco Youth Centers of Spain (Confederación Don Bosco)

Federation of Christian Entities dedicated to free time activities (DIDANIA)

Spanish Youth Organization (Organización Juvenil Española,OJE)

Roma people

Roma Secretariat Foundation (Fundacion Secretariado Gitano)

Source: European Youth Portal and Informa Joven

Public funding to training organizations comes primarily from the EU and its programmes:

Training and support for youth workers engaged in social inclusion programmes

Reconoce Project (see also chapter 2.7 and 3.8)

With the support of the Youth Institute, the Reconoce Project (Proyecto Reconoce) is a project led by the Don Bosco Confederation (Confederación de Centros Juveniles Don Bosco) in collaboration with the Didania Federation (Federación Didania) and ASDE Scouts of Spain. Its aims are to enhance the experience of volunteering in order to raise awareness among the business community and civil society about skills acquired by volunteering and to improve the employability of young people. Among its lines of action are: the implementation of a system of non-formal accreditation of voluntary action and the organisation of dialogue forums with administrations to implement official recognition of volunteer professional competencies.

Financial support

In the following table we can find the amounts and main financial sources of support to the youth organisations for programmes of social inclusion. Lastly, an example of a private funding programme is shown. The latter is residual compared to public funding.

 

Program and amount of funding

Origin of funding

Type of activities financed

Employment and Social Innovation 2014-2020:

919,469,000 €

Public –European Social Fund (ESF) - EU

The development of employment policies and social protection of vulnerable groups

Erasmus + 2014-2020:

14,774.52 mill€

Public – European Social Fund (ESF) - EU

To receive volunteers from other countries, exchange knowledge with youth organisations from other countries, promote projects for improvement and the development of training of social professionals

Europe for Citizens programme 2014-2020:

185,468,000 €

Public – European Social Fund (ESF) - EU

To encourage participation of vulnerable groups in defining European policies and initiatives

Justice programme 2014-2020:

377,604,000 €

Public – European Social Fund (ESF) - EU

To ensure access to justice for groups with third-sector entities of social action work (intellectual disability, victims of gender-based violence, drug addicts ...)

Rights, Equality and Citizenship programme 2014-2020 (REC):

439,473,000 €

Public – European Social Fund (ESF) - EU

Protection of the most vulnerable groups

Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund 2014-2020 (AMIF):

385,000,000 €

Public – European Social Fund (ESF) - EU

Improvement of socio-labour integration of migrants, management of interculturality, etc.

Fondo de Ayuda Europea para los Más Necesitados (FEAD)

3.8 billions €

Public – European Social Fund (ESF) - EU

To provide material assistance to the most needy. Assistance consists of food, clothing and other products for personal use, such as shoes, soap or shampoo. It must be accompanied by measures of social inclusion, such as guidance and support to remove these people from poverty.

Proyecto Interculturalism & Social Cohesion

75,000 €

Private – Obra Social La Caixa

Funding of 75% of the project for organisations presenting social and / or educational projects in the following lines of action: 1) Social harmony, mediation and diversity managing, 2) Social participation and enhancing of communities, 3) School success and family involvement in the educational process, 4) Preventing different forms of violence, 5) Promoting healthy habits and preventing addiction.

Source: Guía de Financiación Europea Programas Sociales 2014-2020  

Quality assurance

In the case of the Youth Guarantee, the monitoring and evaluation of all actions and programmes within the plan is an intrinsic measure, both to be taken into account in the development of future plans and to ensure the efficient use of resources. The development of an information and management system is proposed to identify the beneficiaries of the plan, the resources used and the fulfilment of each of the action plans. For the evaluation of the plan, the Youth Guarantee system follows, among other things, the common assessment standards and indicators such as the ratio of youth unemployment rate to the general unemployment rate, the rate of young people who neither study nor work (NEET) and the percentage of long-term unemployed youth.

The Chavos Nebo Youth Network is part of the Roma Secretariat Foundation and as such, the actions contained in the project are evaluated following according the Foundation statutes. Thus, the development of the youth network is controlled by a computerised tool for monitoring the intervention called Program Portal, which provides access to information on programme interventions, participation results and beneficiaries. As regards budget control, since the Foundation’s projects are funded both by the European Social Fund as well as by the Spanish Government, there is systematic monitoring of the application of expenditure by these public institutions.

In the case of Youth and Inclusion (Jóvenes e inclusión), there is no public material on the evaluation processes of the programmes developed by the institution.