7.6 Mechanisms of early detection and signposting of young people facing health risks
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Strategic Plan for School Coexistence (Plan Estratégico de Convivencia Escolar):
It is a National Plan associated with the strategic framework for European cooperation in the field of education and training, promoted by the European Commission in May 2009.
It has been developed during the academic year 2015-2016, in conjunction with the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training (Ministerio de Educación and Formación Profesional) and the National Center for Innovation and Educational Research (Centro Nacional de Innovación e Investigación Educativa) and representatives from the Autonomous Communities, in order to prevent any kind of harassment and school violence.
Its lines of action include:
- Observation and monitoring of coexistence in schools.
- Development of educational policies for the improvement of coexistence.
- Incorporation of Successful Educational Performances.
- Training of teachers and other agents of the educational community.
- Coordination and cooperation between administrations, entities and institutions.
- Prevention and control of violent incidents or harassment in schools and support for victims of violence and harassment.
Each line of action is related to fundamental objectives and axes associated with inclusive education, the participation of the educational community, the learning and coexistence, the education of feelings and friendship, the preventive socialization of the Gender-related violence, among others.
For proper evaluation, each of the lines of action has a series of performance indicators. In turn, each indicator is associated with both a data collection technique and the source from which the data is derived. The plan also has complementary evaluation strategies that aim to evaluate the different aspects of the plan, such as publications associated with it.
Although the plan proposes a process of continuous evaluation of the indicators of execution, an evaluation in the middle of the period of implementation of the plan and in the completion thereof, there is no data available online on its results.
Key players in the strategic Plan for school coexistence:
Within the framework of the Strategic Plan for School Coexistence, a number of key agents are established for the detection and treatment of school violence and cyber-bullying in minors. These key agents are the family of students (especially parents), teachers and other members of school institutions.
This Strategic Plan of School Coexistence has developed a series of guides oriented towards the principal agents responsible for the detection and treatment of school violence and cyber-bullying, so that they can provide support to the victims and their family. Among the main guides are:
- Teach them to be legal on the Internet (Guide for family and teachers). (Enséñales a ser legales en internet (Guía para familiares y profesores))
- Guide to the Internet (for parents and teachers). (Guía Guíales en internet (para padres y profesores))
- S.O.S Guide against cyber-bullying. Parents. (Guía S.O.S contra el Ciberbullying. Padres.)
- Bullying. Guide for parents. (Acoso Escolar. Guía para padres y madres)
This plan teaches teacher training courses to deepen the axes of the plan.
In addition, through this Plan, the School Coexistence (Convivencia Escolar) website and other reference links (otros enlaces de referencia) are launched as educational tools in the school for teachers, students, and families. It offers materials and protocols of action, awareness seminars, plans of school coexistence, among other resources.
Other measures implemented is the creation of a figure of reference responsible for the coexistence in each center that, supported by a mixed commission (teachers, other professionals of the center, students and families) relative to the coexistence in the center, has the responsibility to sensitize the community to its involvement in the area of coexistence and to ensure compliance with protocol for the detection and intervention in cases of violence and harassment at the centre level.
As described in the school's Coexistence Plan, the main objectives are "to ensure the inclusion of all students in schools and to broaden and strengthen the participation of families and the community at school". Within schools, the Plan is aimed at pre-school, primary, Compulsory Secondary Education, Vocational Training and Baccalaureate education.
The budget for the implementation of the Coexistence Plan comes from the allocations of the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training, in addition to the allowances provided by other public administrations and entities participating in the plan. Although an exact amount cannot be established, the Plan document "estimates a minimum amount of 4 million euros to implement the measures".