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Main inclusive Youth-Work programmes and target groups
School community service done in schools could be considered as an effective form of inclusive youth work.
The Government had a pilot programme between September 2017 and February 2019 to promote youth work as social work delivered in schools in the frame of an EU-financed project called Implementation of social aid activities in nursery and primary schools – Rise of opportunities for children through the introduction of social aid in public education institutions (EFOP-3.2.9-16).
From September 2018, the Family and Child Welfare Centers (Család- és gyermekjóléti központok) should ensure the pre-school and school social services [The Child Protection Act (1997. évi XXXI. törvény a gyermekek védelméről és a gyámügyi igazgatásról)]. The aim is to prevent the vulnerability of children. These centers cooperate with the nurseries and schools.
The school social worker is important for prevention because he/she is experienced and quickly recognises signs of danger. The social workers use psychological and social interventions for young people who are at risk or have problems
On the local level, youth work is less target group-oriented. Teenagers are the most frequently addressed target group, followed by youngsters with minority background, the socially excluded and the unemployed. Youth work provides less support to refugees and youngsters from immigrant families in Hungary. Young people with disabilities and LMBTQ (lesbian/ gay/ bisexual/ transgender and queer) youngsters are even less in the focus of youth work. Especially in the case of youngsters with disabilities, it is not youth work that can – and does - provide the most relevant support.