Skip to main content

YouthWiki

EACEA National Policies Platform: Youthwiki
Hungary

Hungary

2. Voluntary Activities

2.4 Youth Volunteering at national level

On this page
  1. National Programme for Youth Volunteering
  2. Funding
  3. Characteristics of youth volunteering
  4. Support to young volunteers
  5. Quality assurance
  6. Target groups

National Programme for Youth Volunteering

 

There is no dedicated national programme for youth volunteering, the National Cooperation Fund (Nemzeti Együttműködési Alap) is the most relevant actor worth mentioning. (For more information see sub-chapter 2.2 Administration and governance of Youth Volunteering.)

Most of the projects related to youth volunteering are under the framework of the HRDOP 1.2.3. project (Complex Youth Developments – New Generation Reloaded) (Komplex Ifjúsági Fejlesztések - Új Nemzedék újratöltve). (For more information about New Generation Reloaded please see sub-chapter 1.4 Youth Policy decision-making - The National Agency for Youth.)

Year of Volunteering in Hungary

For the 20th anniversary of the International Year of Volunteers and for the 10th anniversary of the European Year of Volunteering (2011), the Year of Volunteering in Hungary (Önkéntesség Magyarországi Éve) was organised in 2021. The general aim was to raise awareness to the importance of volunteering and to bring together the three important sectors (civil society, the government and the business area).

The main aim of the programme was to promote volunteering and to involve as many people and target groups as possible in volunteering activities. In the thematic year, several events were organised, including

The government also linked the World Day of Youth (A fiatalok világnapja) (12 August) to the Year of Volunteering. The Deputy State Secretariat for Youth Affairs also highlighted the importance of social responsibility in voluntary activities as one of the objectives of World Day of Youth.

 

Funding

 

Information about some relevant financial state support is in the first chapter (sub-chapter 1.7 Funding youth policy) of the state budget.

Characteristics of youth volunteering

 

Research report of the Hungarian Central Statistical Office

There is little information available on youth volunteering. The most recent data comes from the research report (Az önkéntes munka jellemzői) of the Hungarian Central Statistical Office.

'In the age groups under the age of 35, the participation ratio in voluntary activities is lower than the average; it varies between 24.6% and 33.8%. One of the main reasons behind this is that volunteering during school years and right after finishing school is still not widespread in Hungary; it does not have strong cultural roots. Another reason is that usually at this age making a livelihood and a steady income is more important than volunteering. Additionally, starting a family concerns the same age groups which, again, might prevent from participation in voluntary activities.

Despite the factors mentioned above, recent changes are worth highlighting. While in 2011 out of 100 young people, between the age of 15 and 34, 23 stated that they had done voluntary activities, in 2014 this number increased to 29. On the one hand, the acceptance of the law on public education, which states that before high-school graduation ''a 50-hour long community service has to be certified'' (for definition see sub-chapter 2.1. General Context), on the other hand, the acceptance of the National Volunteer Strategy, ''which put the importance of volunteering into the spotlight''' might have had contributed to such an increase.'

Results of the 'Voluntarism in Hungary 2018' report

According to the results of the 'Voluntarism in Hungary 2018' (Önkéntesség Magyarországon 2018) survey, the proportion of young people volunteering has increased slightly: one third of them indicated that they have done volunteer activities in the past year and another tenth per cent said that they had have some experience, if not in the past year, then in the past.

According to the results of the Hungarian Youth 2020 (Magyar Fiatalok 2020) survey, 8 per cent of young people, aged 15-29, did volunteer activities in the year before the 2020 survey. The low rate is probably due to the pandemic.

 

Support to young volunteers

 

Since there is no youth volunteering strategy or programme, there is currently no dedicated support for youth volunteering.

 

Quality assurance

 

We have no information on quality assurance for youth volunteering. The monitoring of the projects mentioned above is based on the reports of the organisations.

 

Target groups

 

Volunteer Act (Önkéntes törvény)

There is no standalone law on youth volunteering. but the 5th article of the Act LXXXVIII of 2005 on voluntary activities (Volunteer Act) (2005. évi LXXXVIII. törvény) in public interest covers some legal aspects of youth volunteering:

'(1) A person under 18 years of age, or an adult with restricted legal capacity may pursue public interest volunteer activities that correspond to his/her age, physical, mental and moral development and abilities, and do not constitute a risk to his/her health, development and performance of school attendance obligations.

(2) A volunteer under 16 years of age, or an adult volunteer with restricted legal capacity may not pursue public interest volunteer activities abroad.

(3) A volunteer under 18 years of age may not pursue public interest volunteer activities between 8 pm and 6 am.

(4) The time spent on public interest volunteer activities by volunteers under 16 years of age may not exceed

a) 3 hours per day and 12 hours per week during school recess

b) 6 hours per week during school time and

ba) 2 hours per day on school days

bb) 3 hours per day on non-school days.'

As it was previously mentioned, the National Volunteer Strategy 2012-2020 (Nemzeti Önkéntes Stratégia 2012-2020) defines young people as individuals between the age of 18 and 26 (however the Hungarian Central Statistical Office in its research report identifies them as individuals under the age of 35).