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Currently, there is no dedicated governmental authority that is responsible for the health and well-being of young people in Hungary.
Governmental actions regarding youth health take place in certain secretariats of the Ministry of Human Capacities (Emberi Erőforrás Minisztérium) and the Prime Minister’s Office (Miniszterelnökség). Mainly the Secretariat Responsible for Family and Youth Issues (Család- és Ifjúságügyért Felelős Államtitkárság) and the Secretariat Responsible for Sport (Sportért Felelős Államtitkárság) should be referred to, that coordinates issues related to the youth.
In addition, the main fields regarding youth are handled by specific departments, such as:
- Department for Health Policy (Egészségpolitikai Főosztály),
- Department for Youth (Ifjúsági Főosztály),
- Department for Sports Professionals (Sportszakmai Főosztály),
- Department for Education Strategy (Köznevelési Stratégiai Főosztály).
The Ministry's background institutions and other institutions also deal with young people:
- National Centre for Public Health (Nemzeti Népegészségügyi Központ)
- National School, University and Leisure Sport Federation (Nemzeti Diák-, Hallgatói és Szabadidősport Szövetség)
- National Institute of Pharmacy and Nutrition (Országos Gyógyszerészeti és Élelmezés-egészségügyi Intézet)
- Hungarian School Sport Federation (Magyar Diáksport Szövetség)
- National Koranyi Institute of Pulmonology (Országos Korányi Pulmonológiai Intézet)
- Hungarian Directorate-General for Social Affairs and Child Protection (Szociális és Gyermekvédelmi Főigazgatóság)
Act CLIV of 1997 on Health
Act CLIV of 1997 on Health (1997. évi CLIV. törvény az egészségügyről) is guided by the conviction that 'the interest of the individual in his health and well-being must take priority, and that the achievements of the development of medical science should be utilised to ensure positive benefit for present and future generations'. The Act also builds on the idea that 'being aware that health as a prerequisite for the individual's quality of life and self-realisation has a major impact on family, work and, as a result, on the entire nation.'
The Preamble also states that
'the system of means and resources available to health services cannot serve the promotion, maintenance and restoration of health unless completed by a social welfare system, the protection of the natural and human-made environment, together with the social and economic environment, as well as by health promoting public policies and practices'.
'The purpose of the Act on Health is to
a) foster the improvement of the health of the individual, and thereby, of the population, by determining the system of conditions and means influencing health, as well as the responsibilities of those involved in the establishment thereof,
b) contribute to ensuring equal access to health care services for all members of society,
c) create the conditions whereby all patients may preserve their human dignity and identity, and their right of self-determination and all other rights may remain unimpaired,
d) define the general professional requirements and guarantees of the quality of health services, regardless of the legal status of service providers and the funding of services,
e) ensure the protection of health workers and healthcare institutions by defining their rights and obligations and through safeguards arising from the peculiar nature of health services,
f) enable that individual and community interests may be asserted in harmony, current public health objectives may be attained, the required funding may be available and deployed in an optimal way, and health sciences may continue to develop.'
Various civil organisations and ecclesiastical institutions deal with issues concerning the youth, such as
- upbringing and education,
- development of skills,
- representation of children and youth interests,
- children and youth protection,
- health maintenance,
- prevention of diseases,
- medical treatment and health rehabilitation,
- drug prevention,
- conservation of nature and environment.