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Currently, there is no specific government agency that is responsible for the health and well-being of young people in Hungary.
Government action regarding youth health takes place in certain secretariats of the Ministry of Human Capacities (Emberi Erőforrás Minisztérium) and the Prime Minister's Office (Miniszterelnökség). Mainly the Secretariat Responsible for Healthcare (Egészségügyért Felelős Államtitkárság) and the Secretariat Responsible for Sport (Sportért Felelős Államtitkárság) should be mentioned which coordinates issues related to the youth health.
In addition, the most important areas concerning youth are handled by special departments, such as:
- the Department of Health Policy (Egészségpolitikai Főosztály),
- the Department of Public Health (Népegészségügyi Főosztály),
- the Department of Youth Affairs (Ifjúságügyi Főosztály),
- the Department of Sports Professionals and Reinforcement Education (Sportszakmai és Utánpótlás-nevelési Főosztály),
- the Department of Education Strategy (Köznevelési Stratégiai Főosztály).
The Ministry's background institutions and other institutions also deal with young people:
- National Centre for Public Health (Nemzeti Népegészségügyi Központ),
- National School, University and Leisure Sport Federation (Nemzeti Diák-, Hallgatói és Szabadidősport Szövetség),
- National Institute of Pharmacy and Nutrition (Országos Gyógyszerészeti és Élelmezés-egészségügyi Intézet),
- Hungarian School Sport Federation (Magyar Diáksport Szövetség),
- National Koranyi Institute of Pulmonology (Országos Korányi Pulmonológiai Intézet),
- Hungarian Directorate-General for Social Affairs and Child Protection (Szociális és Gyermekvédelmi Főigazgatóság),
- Hungarian Association on Addictions (Magyar Addiktológiai Társaság)
Act CLIV of 1997 on Health
'the interest of the individual in his health and well-being must take priority, and that the achievements of the development of medical science should be utilised to ensure positive benefit for present and future generations'. The Act also builds on the idea that 'being aware that health as a prerequisite for the individual's quality of life and self-realisation has a major impact on family, work and, as a result, on the entire nation.'
The Preamble also states that
'the system of means and resources available to health services cannot serve the promotion, maintenance and restoration of health unless completed by a social welfare system, the protection of the natural and human-made environment, together with the social and economic environment, as well as by health promoting public policies and practices'.
The purpose of the Act on Health is to
- promote the improvement of the health of individuals,
- help ensure that all members of society have equal access to health services,
- create conditions for all patients to preserve their human dignity and identity,
- establish the general professional requirements and guarantees of the quality of health services,
- ensure the protection of health workers and health care institutions,
- enable the interests of the individual and the community to be reconciled, current public health objectives to be achieved, the necessary resources to be available and optimally used, and health sciences to develop.
The Health Promotion Offices (Egészségfejlesztési Irodák) were opened in 2014 and operate under the governance of the National Centre for Public Health (Nemzeti Népegészségügyi Központ). Their tasks include to provide individual lifestyle counselling and to organise community programmes to help people lead a healthy lifestyle, to increase health consciousness and to promote physical activities to stay healthy. The Offices have to harmonize the work of the local organisations and programmes dealing with prevention and health development.
Two thirds of these Offices were opened in the disadvantaged regions of Hungary. In 2021, 113 Offices were operating. They are usually linked to the local hospitals or operate individually.
Various civil organisations and church institutions deal with issues that affect youth, such as
- upbringing and education,
- skills development,
- representing the interests of children and young people
- child and youth protection,
- health maintenance,
- prevention of diseases,
- medical treatment and health rehabilitation,
- drug prevention,
- conservation of nature and the environment.