8. Creativity and Culture
Cultural policy in Hungary, especially that aimed at young people, is increasingly associated with a salient and conscious reconceptualisation of community culture. The concept of basic cultural provision: a form of provision in the field of culture that provides the minimum of cultural services used by a vast majority of the public – thus the municipal level is essential in culture-related tasks and has a high priority in both planning and funding. Basic cultural services are often mentioned in relation to young people, especially students: one of the flagship programmes is the Lázár Ervin Programme (Lázár Ervin Program) enables all primary school students to attend cultural events. (see sub-chapters 8.1 General context and 8.2 Administration and governance).
Culture-related tasks can be found in several governmental and public bodies. Community culture is administered by the Ministry of Human Capacities, in the State Secretariat for Culture. The two main public institutions related to strategical planning and funding are the National Cultural Fund (chaired by the Minister Responsible for Culture) and the Hungarian Academy of Arts. In contrast, the methodological background of community culture is provided by NMI Cultural Institute Non-profit Public Utility Ltd. (see sub-chapter 8.2 Administration and governance).
There is no national strategy for creativity and culture for young people. The most relevant documents regarding cultural policies of the government are
- the cultural law, which has been significantly modified in 2017 to express the policies related to the concept of basic cultural care,
- the National Youth Strategy and
- other strategies of related policy fields (sustainable development and education).
The strategic objectives mainly aim at improving young people's access to culture and widening the participation of cultural institutions in non-formal learning opportunities (see sub-chapter 8.3 National strategy on creativity and culture for young people).